Of all tropical rainforests, 57% are found in Latin America with a third in Brazil. Other major tropical rainforests are located in southeast Asia and the Pacific islands (25%) and west Africa (18%). Temperate rainforests account for around 25% of the world’s forests. They are moist forests that grow on mountain ranges, usually along western coasts where westerly winds bring high precipitation. Temperate rainforests spread much further north and south than their tropical counterparts. They still receive upwards of 2,000mm of year-round rainfall, but experience drier summers. They have less biodiversity than tropical rainforests.
The Primorsky Krai Region in Siberia borders the Pacific Ocean and China. It’s interestingly known for its temperate climate in the cold frames of the barren snowscapes of Russia. This picturesque region is also one of the best and last examples of temperate forests in eastern Asia. Primorsky Krai is a treasure cove of natural discoveries: its rich flora, the colorful landscapes, the glistening seas, and its healing springs. There are actually more than 500 unique, natural sites in the region, all ranging from waterfalls and volcanoes to hollowed caves and clear, blue lakes under cloudless skies. Who would’ve thought this tropical paradise was hiding in a place famous for its winters? Get ready to travel to Russia for an amazingly memorable trip!
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Pacific Temperate Rainforest: It is found in North America along the western side of the Pacific Coast Ranges and it’s the largest temperate rainforest in the world. Its Eco regions are predominantly composed of conifers. Red woods trees dominate southern limit in northern California and they are the tallest, biggest and the longest living trees on earth. It is estimated that most of the redwood trees have been in existence for more than 2,000 years, reaching heights as high as 90 meters. It also has different and numerous animal species including black bears, grizzly bears, endangered spotted owl, wolfs, sitka dear, and bald eagle.
Perhaps the most stunning bird of El Yunque is the Puerto Rican parrot, but it is also one of the saddest stories. At the time of the first Spanish colony in the early 1600s, there were believed to be a million parrots on the island, but over the years, as human population increased and deforestation occurred, the numbers dropped drastically until in 1973 there were only 13 iguacas, the Taino word for the parrot. The Puerto Rican Parrot Recovery Program was making great strides to renew the population and at last count, before Hurricanes Irma and Maria, there were almost 60 parrots in the wild. Read additional info on El Yunque rain forest exploration blog. In Puerto Rico El Yunque rain forest is a jewel filled with mystery and wonder, also with fear of getting lost there. It is far more immense that we believe. People have been lost years ago never to appear again! The steepness of the ground, the low visibility, the dense vegetation, the huge boulders, endless rivers with trunks and large boulders on the way all can conspire for accidents.